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Creation Care: A Scholarly Overview

January 25, 2023

By Anonymous Contributor


Midweek Musings is a weekly Covenant blog with a variety of authors and a variety of topics.



The relationship between the church and the environment is a complex and multifaceted one.


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On the one hand, many religious traditions place a strong emphasis on stewardship of the earth and its resources, viewing them as gifts from a benevolent Creator that should be respected and cared for.


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On the other hand, there are also religious teachings that have been used to justify exploitation of the environment, particularly in the context of capitalist development and industrialization.


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One of the most prominent religious traditions that emphasizes stewardship of the earth is Christianity. The Bible includes numerous references to the importance of caring for the environment, including the commandment to "till and keep" the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2:15 and the call to be "good stewards" of God's creation in various passages.


In recent years, a growing number of Christian leaders and organizations have emphasized the importance of protecting the environment from the effects of climate change and other human activities. Pope Francis, for example, has been a vocal advocate for environmental protection, calling for urgent action to address climate change and other environmental issues in his 2015 encyclical "Laudato Si".

In addition to Christianity, other religious traditions also place a strong emphasis on environmental stewardship. For example, many indigenous religions have a deep spiritual connection to the land and its resources, viewing them as sacred and inextricably linked to the well-being of the community. In Hinduism and Buddhism, there is a strong emphasis on non-harm and compassion for all living beings, which can be interpreted as a call to protect the environment. In Islamic tradition, the concept of "tawhid" or the oneness of God, is often invoked to call for the protection of the environment and all of God's creations.

However, there are also religious teachings that have been used to justify the exploitation of the environment. For example, some Christian leaders in the past have interpreted the Bible as giving humanity "dominion" over the earth and its resources, which has been used to justify the extraction of natural resources and the development of industrial projects. Additionally, some religious leaders have argued that the ultimate goal of human existence is to achieve a state of spiritual transcendence, and that the material world, including the environment, is of secondary importance.

Despite these challenges, many religious groups and organizations are actively working to promote environmental protection and sustainability. This includes encouraging individuals and congregations to reduce their carbon footprint and make more environmentally friendly choices in their daily lives, as well as advocating for policy changes to address issues such as climate change and pollution. Additionally, many religious organizations are also involved in environmental conservation and restoration efforts, such as planting trees, protecting endangered species, and restoring degraded ecosystems.

In conclusion, the relationship between the church and the environment is a complex one, shaped by a variety of religious teachings and interpretations. While some religious traditions have been used to justify the exploitation of the environment, many religious groups and leaders are actively working to promote environmental protection and sustainability. By emphasizing the importance of stewardship of the earth and its resources, these religious traditions can play an important role in addressing the environmental challenges facing our planet today.

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